Vitamins and what you need to know about them

A, C, B, E, D, K ... At first glance, this can be mistaken for a number of ordinary alphabetic letters listed in a chaotic order, but in fact, certain organic substances called vitamins are denoted in this way (from the Latin word vita - “life "), Which are a kind of building blocks of the human body. These chemical elements in small doses are necessary to ensure normal growth and development, as well as the implementation of full human life. They help the absorption of nutrients, participate in the process of growth of bone and muscle tissue, promote energy metabolism in cells, healing wounds.

Those who are skeptical about taking vitamins are deeply mistaken about this. They are essential for every person to maintain and maintain health. It is enough to recall, for example, that in the old days for sailors a scary disease was scurvy, from which almost a third of the crew died during a long voyage. Because people were deprived of vegetables and fruits rich in vitamins, and in particular, vitamin C, which was a simple cure for a terrible ailment. Unlike plants, fungi and bacteria, the human body does not synthesize these organic elements in the process of metabolism, which means that vitamins must be produced from the outside.

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Vitamin Functions

Many vitamins go on the formation of coenzymes, without which the work on the assimilation of nutrients by enzymes would be simply impossible. Such vitamins include those that are included in group B, in addition they contribute to the optimal use of the energy received.

When vitamin C is taken, immunity is strengthened and the production of collagen protein is increased, which is vital for bone, tooth and wound healing.

With the participation of vitamin A, the production of lymphocytes occurs. He is also partially responsible for the process of bone formation, helps to strengthen vision due to the fact that it is present in the visual retinal pigment.

Vitamin E, with its antioxidant properties, helps to neutralize substances that are potentially harmful to cells.

Vitamin D contributes well to the absorption of phosphorus and calcium for bone formation and growth.

It is also important to mention vitamin K, which is involved in the synthesis of coagulation factors. If it weren’t for him, then even the smallest scratch could lead to great blood loss, fraught with death.

The presence of a variety of vitamins in food is a guarantee that a person will not have to deal with syndromes caused by their deficiency or absence, for example, fatigue, heart disease or partial paralysis, as well as diseases such as rickets, scurvy and many others. However, excessive intake of vitamins can cause severe poisoning, so the various kinds of rumors about the need for shock doses can not withstand any criticism. Only with moderate use of vitamins is their full assimilation in the human body.

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