Knee pain

Pain in the knees is a fairly common ailment caused by various reasons. They can appear as a result of muscle strain, knee joint tendonitis, cartilage injuries and ligaments, which can be caused as a result of active physical sports and other activities.

Depending on the person’s lifestyle, pain can cause a violation of the usual rhythm. Strong pain can completely limit human activity. For an athlete, even mild pain in the knee joint can become an obstacle to visiting the gym and performing exercises.

To get rid of knee pain, you need to know the exact cause that causes it.


  • 1 Ligament injuries
  • 2 Cartilage Rupture
  • 3 Arthritis of the knee
  • 4 Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • 5 Post-traumatic arthritis
  • 6 Osteoarthritis
  • 7 How is a "> 8 diagnosis made? How is knee arthritis treated?
  • 9 Knee Pain - Video

Ligament Injuries

Tears and sprains of the knee ligaments that hold the shin bone together with the femur are the most common sports injuries, which are often manifested by severe pain. The medial collateral, anterior cruciate and posterior cruciate ligaments can be injured. If the ligament is injured, surgery may be necessary.

Cartilage rupture

The cartilage that covers on both sides is quite stiff, but the tissue with two menisci that remains flexible can be injured and cause pain. The medial meniscus covers the inside, and the lateral meniscus covers the outside of the joint. The meniscus rupture therapy involves surgical treatment.

Arthritis of the knee

A degenerative chronic disease of the knee joint that causes acute pain, which does not allow a person to fully engage in physical activity. There are three forms of this disease - osteoarthritis, rheumatoid and post-traumatic. Regardless of the form of the course of the disease, it is accompanied by edema and limitation of mobility, which can cause pain during flexion of the knee.

Rheumatoid arthritis

It is an autoimmune disease. It is manifested by inflammation and thickening of the tissues located around the joint. This form of arthritis is found only in 10-15 percent of the total number of cases, but its consequences are quite serious. In chronic inflammation of the tissues, cartilage can not only receive serious damage, but also be completely lost.

Post-traumatic arthritis

Its development is preceded by serious injuries of the knee joint, including including tearing of ligaments and fracture of bones. Such injuries can cause damage to cartilage, followed by pain, swelling, stiffness in the mobility of the knee joint.


One of the most common forms of arthritis of the knee joint, which affects the cartilage, provokes its progressive wear. At risk for people with osteoarthritis are people fifty and older. This is due to the fact that with age, the cartilage wears out and wears out. The main symptoms of osteoarthritis are knee pain, a certain stiffness and limited movement, swelling of the joints, general weakness and soreness.

The cause of osteoarthritis is not only age, but also a genetic predisposition, overweight, previous injuries, various infections, diseases such as gout and tumors. Osteoarthrosis can result from injuries during sports, as well as joint wear that occurs with increased physical activity, in people engaged in hard work, for example, in the construction industry or in the workplace.

How is ">

To diagnose diseases, X-rays are taken, a patient is interviewed. Doctors ask questions about the degree of mobility and flexibility of the joints, how strong the pain experienced. To find out what form of arthritis the patient suffers, tests specially designed for this are used.

How is the treatment of arthritis of the knee "> Pain in the knee - Video